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Eye Diseases

Blepharospasm

What is Blepharospasm:

Benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) is a disorder of the nervous system in which the muscles of your eyelids contract involuntarily and go into spasms.
There is nothing life-threatening about Blepharospasm, but it does have a tendency to progress with time, if left untreated.
Blepharospasm is a type of dystonia, a movement disorder in which a person's muscles undergo contractions that are not under his control.
 

What are the Symptoms of Blepharospasm:

Initial Stages: Blepharospasm begins slowly with eye blinking and/or irritation, which is occasional to begin with. You may also experience involuntary squinting or winking involving one or both your eyes. You may have increasing trouble with keeping your eyes open, and may find that your eyes are sensitive to light.

Progress: It is usually seen that the spasms occur during the daytime, disappear when you fall asleep, and reappear again after you wake up. As your eye condition progresses, the spasms may increase in severity. Gradually, your eyelids may be forced to remain shut for long periods of time.

Visual Disturbance: This causes significant visual disturbance or even blindness that is functional in nature. Such blindness that is caused, is mainly due to the uncontrollable shutting of your eyelids and not because there is some problem in your eyes per se.
 
 

Blepharospasm vs Ptosis:

Blepharospasm is sometimes confused with Ptosis:  
Ptosis is drooping of one's eyelids. This is usually caused by weakness or paralysis of a muscle of the upper eyelid.
Blepharitis is an inflammatory condition of one's eyelids due to allergies or infection.
Hemifacial spasm is an eye condition caused by irritation of the facial nerve and involves various muscles on one side of the face, often including the eyelid.

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